Extreme climate events in sub-Saharan Africa: A call for improving agricultural technology transfer to enhance adaptive capacity

Autor(en)
Ayansina Ayanlade, Abimbola Oluwaranti, Oluwatoyin Seun Ayanlade , Marion Borderon, Harald Sterly, Patrick Sakdapolrak, Margaret O. Jegede, Lemlem F. Weldemariam, Adefunke F. O. Ayinde
Abstrakt

This study seeks to provide a critical overview of the existing evidence on extreme climate events and the adaptation options of the affected population in order to help scholars navigate the field. The study examined the recent extreme climate events that occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the climate change adaptation options mentioned in the literature, and the need for international technological transfer in SSA. 181 peer-reviewed publications were evaluated on the following topics: 1) the impacts of climate extremes in SSA; 2) the adaptation options discussed in the literature for the region; 3) the analysis of the needs and the gaps of the international technology transfer in SSA, and 4) the various impact areas of the technology transfer on the adaptive capacity in SSA. The major finding from this study is that the impacts of climate change have been observed in the region, with many extreme events leading to reductions in crop yield qualities and quantities, with much greater impacts on the smallholder farmers’ livelihoods in SSA countries. Based on these findings climate change conceptual framework is proposed which summarises the observed impacts of climate change on agriculture and food systems in SSA countries. The study concluded that there are new adaptation options that SSA countries can adopt from developed countries, and that much greater agricultural technological transfer is needed to facilitate better adaptation to climate change in SSA.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Geographie und Regionalforschung
Externe Organisation(en)
Obafemi Awolowo University, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Universität Wien
Journal
Climate Services
Band
27
Anzahl der Seiten
11
ISSN
2405-8807
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2022.100311
Publikationsdatum
08-2022
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
105205 Klimawandel, 405006 Agrarsoziologie, 509023 Entwicklungsforschung
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Global and Planetary Change, Atmospheric Science
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/extreme-climate-events-in-subsaharan-africa-a-call-for-improving-agricultural-technology-transfer-to-enhance-adaptive-capacity(aa17275b-f502-42e0-b6bb-39c9b29e6ea2).html