Numerical modelling of boudinage under pure shear

Author(s)
Marcin Dabrowski, Bernhard Grasemann
Abstract

Numerical experiments of torn boudinage reworking under layer-parallel stretching are reported. In our simulations, we have reproduced the whole spectrum of previously reported boudin shapes due to reworking, and we also report some new structures, including field examples. The results show that boudin shape depends on both the boudin to matrix viscosity ratio and the initial gap width normalized upon the layer thickness. Central bulges develop within the interior boudin faces for intermediate gap widths, in the range of between 0.05 and 0.15 of the initial layer thickness. Convex interiors are reported for initially very narrow separations of about 0.01 the initial layer thickness. The initial normalized gap width together with the viscosity ratio control the internal deformation and separation of the boudins. Lowering the viscosity of the gap infill strongly influences boudin shape evolution and it suppresses the bulging of the interior faces. Boudin aspect ratio has only minor influence on the developing boudin shape. The non-linear viscous reworking of boudins is not significantly different to the one observed in linear viscous materials. We show a natural example of how the geometry of the developing bow-tie vein combined with boudin shape and separation can be used to infer strain and rheological properties. Rhomboidal boudins under layer-parallel stretching exhibit rotation and they tend to produce monoclinic structures, which are similar to structures forming due to layer-parallel shear. We caution the use of asymmetric boudins as shear sense indicators.

Organisation(s)
Department of Geodynamics and Sedimentology
Journal
Journal of Structural Geology
Volume
126
Pages
109-128
No. of pages
20
ISSN
0191-8141
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2019.05.009
Publication date
09-2019
Publication status
Published
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
105101 General geology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Geology
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/numerical-modelling-of-boudinage-under-pure-shear(ddefcc3e-0281-4b57-ae26-0c8f6df25e9a).html